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How is Vegetable Oil Made?

Vegetable Oil Extraction

When we talk about oil, what comes to mind? Vegetable oil extraction? I bet you don’t think it’s the second most widely traded commodity in the world after water.

Oil is a key ingredient in a number of products, including food and cosmetics. The oils we currently use are predominantly from palm, soybean, rapeseed, sunflower, and so on.

However, some oils have their own drawbacks. For instance, palm oil is high in saturated fat, which makes it an unhealthy choice for regular consumption.

On the other hand, many other oils are healthier than those usually produced by manufacturers. These include canola oil (rapeseed), olive oil, flaxseed oil (linseed), and so on.

So how exactly do we extract such oils? Keep reading to find out…

What You Will Read Here?

For home gardeners who grow their own vegetables and fruits and small-scale producers who sell their products to local markets, farmers’ markets, restaurants, and wholesalers, extracting vegetable oils can be an important source of income.

vegetable oil extraction

Vegetable oils are an incredibly important part of our food supply. They’re healthy, versatile, and have a variety of uses in both industrial and home cooking environments.

If you’re interested in learning about the process of extracting vegetable oils, you’ll find some interesting details in this article. We will explain the different types of vegetable oils and give examples of extraction methods you could use.

Vegetable oils are essential fats that have a wide range of uses. They are extracted from plant seeds and nuts, usually with the help of a hydraulic press or other mechanical devices.

We’ll take you through some ideas about vegetable oil extraction, the different types of vegetable oils, and the extraction process so you can get started on thinking and planning your own business venture!

What is Vegetable Oil Extraction?

The extraction of vegetable oils is the process of making new oils from seeds or other plant materials. The most common vegetable oils that are extracted are:

– soybean oil
– canola oil
– corn oil
– peanut oil
– flaxseed oil
– sunflower oil
– cottonseed oil
– palm oil

Some of these oils are also referred to as fats. There are several methods that can be used to extract vegetable oils depending on the type of oil and seeds being used.

What Are The Different Types Of Oils?

Vegetable oils can be classified according to the raw material that is being used to produce them.

As mentioned above, some of the most common vegetable oils are canola, palm, soybean, sunflower, and cottonseed.


This variety of rapeseed has been selectively bred to reduce its content of erucic acid, a fatty acid that is harmful to humans. Canola oil has a relatively low level of saturated fat and is used in many baked goods and salad dressings.


The oil is extracted from the flesh of the fruit of the oil palm tree (Elaeis guineensis). The oil is about 45% saturated. It is used in bakery products and kinds of margarine and is also an ingredient in some soups and baked goods.


The oil is extracted from the seeds of the soybean plant (Glycine max). The oil contains omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids and is used in cooking, margarine, and baking.


The oil is extracted from the seeds of the beautiful sunflower plant (Helianthus annuus). The oil is high in polyunsaturated fatty acids, especially oleic acid, and it is used in baked goods, margarine, and salad dressings.


The oil is extracted from the seeds of the cotton plant (Gossypium sp.). The oil is high in saturated fatty acids and is used in some baked goods and salad dressings.

Example Of Industrial Vegetable Oil Extraction

Steps of extracting vegetable oil using an industrial press and centrifuge:

1. A mechanical press is used to extract vegetable oil from seeds.

2. The pressure of the pressure plate and the amount of water used in the vegetable oil extraction process are measured.

3. The amount of capacity of the extraction chamber is measured.

4. The amount of extracted oil is determined.

5. The liquid obtained from the extracted oil is separated by centrifuging for 30 minutes at 4,000 g for 15 seconds and then centrifuged again for 30 minutes at 4,000 g for 15 seconds.

6. Then comes the filtering phase.

7. The last step is drying by evaporating it at room temperature to dryness, then storing it in an airtight container until use or export as needed.

Example Of Vegetable Oil Extraction at Home

Step 1: Decide on which type of vegetable oil to extract.

The first step in extracting vegetable oil is deciding on which type of oil you want to extract.

Please pay attention to the fact that while it is possible to extract a variety of oils, selecting a type with a high yield is important. For example, while soybean and canola oil have high yields, flaxseed and sunflower oil have low yields.

Another thing to consider is the taste of the oil. For instance, olive oil has a strong flavor that makes it unsuitable for certain applications. When selecting the type of oil to extract, keep in mind the market needs and the purpose for which this oil can be used.

Step 2: Pre-extraction preparation

The second step in extracting vegetable oil is to pre-extract it. This is important as it allows you to remove dust, dirt, and other impurities from the raw materials.

Step 3: Extraction process

It is essential to follow the steps of the extraction process in order to ensure that the oil you extract is of the highest quality. The first thing you should do is mix the raw materials and water in a vessel.

The mixture should be 1 part raw materials to 5 parts water. If you are extracting oil from grains, legumes, or nuts, the ratio should be 1 part raw materials to 10 parts water.

You should then bring the mixture to a boil. The boiling helps to release oil from the raw materials.

The mixture is then removed from the heat and allowed to cool. The water is then removed, and the remaining materials are squeezed into a cloth to extract the oil.

The extracted oil is then filtered through a sieve to remove the impurities.

Step 4: Drying and storage

The extracted oil has to be dried before it can be stored. This is important as it prevents the oil from going rancid. There are two ways in which you can dry the oil.

The first (very basic, not recommended) is to leave the oil in a warm and well-ventilated area.

The second is to use a dehydrator. The dehydrator works by using warm air to evaporate the moisture from the oil.

Please keep in mind that a dehydrator is not the same as an oven. If you use an oven, you risk raising the temperature of the oil too much. High temperatures may cause your final product to go rancid. 

The dried oil should then be put to storage in an airtight container in a cool, dry place.


Vegetable oil extraction is the process of producing new oils from seeds or other plant materials. Several of the most commonly extracted oils are soybean, canola, corn, peanut, flaxseed, and sunflower.

For vegetable oil extraction, the raw materials are mixed with water and brought to a boil. The mixture is then cooled, and the oil is extracted and filtered.

The oil is then dried and kept in an airtight container. Choose a cool and dry place for long-term storage.

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